TELE PHONE INDEX
Sonitpur district is spread over an area of 5324 sq. kms. on north bank of Brahmaputra river. In terms of area Sonitpur is the second largest district of Assam after Karbi Anglong district.
The population of Sonitpur district is 16,77,874 as per 2001 Census. In
terms of population it ranks third in Assam after Kamrup and Nagaon
districts. The people here are not a homogeneous lot. Rather, they are a
mosaic of ethnic groups, an admixture of diverse types of people.
North: The state of Arunachal Pradesh.
South: Morigaon, Nagaon, Jorhat and Golaghat
The District lies between 26 30’N and 27 01’N latitude and between 92 16’E and 93 43’E longitude.
Located between mighty Brahmaputra River and Himalayan foothills of Arunachal Pradesh, the district is largely plain with some hills.
Brahmaputra River forms the south boundary of the district. A number of rivers which originate in the Himalayan foothills flow southwards and ultimately fall in Brahmaputra River.
In the Sadar sub-division:
Pachnai , Belsiri, Gabharu (and its
In the Biswanath Chariali sub-division:
Ghiladhari (serving as the sub-divisional
In the Gohpur sub-division:
Buroi (serving as the sub-divisional boundary)
There are number of River Island in Brahmaputra River, known as Chars in local parlance. They are generally sandy. Some Chars are large enough and fit for habitation and cultivation.
Lakes & Ponds
bodies are in abundance in the District. There are lakes and ponds dotting
every part of the District. The major lakes are~ Rowmari, Dighali,
Borsola, Rongapani and Dhandi. hese water bodies along with the
rivers and rivulets provide a lot of vistas for fishing in the District.
Tourists can also do angling for pleasure, especially over the Bharali
River at Bhalukpung.
The Main Plain
The central and southern portion of the main plain is dotted with hills and hillocks, especially near the Brahmaputra River. Important hills include the Agnigarh and the Bhomuraguri. The region has trees and tea-plantations and paddy fields. The northern portion is made up of Forest Reserves and sparsely populated forest-villages. The region abounds in bio-diversity with evergreen and deciduous trees of several types. There is a National Park (Nameri), a few Wildlife sanctuaries (Sonai-Rupai & Bor-Dikorai), and a number of reserve forests (e.g. Chariduar, Balipara reserve-forest). In the extreme north of the region (Bhalukpung, Sijushah, Pabhoi, etc.), are hills and hillocks marking the starting of the Himalayan foothills. The main-plain is slightly sloping from east to west, and is at an average.
latitude of 1800 feet from the mean sea level.
Sonitpur District falls in the Sub-Tropical climatic region, and enjoys Monsoon type of climate. Summers are hot and humid, with an average temperature of 29° C. The highest temperature is recorded just prior to the onset of Monsoon (around May-early June). Summer rain is heavy, and is principally caused from late June to early September by the moisture-laden South-West Monsoon, on striking the Himalayan foothills of the north. Such rain is both a boon and a bane for the people. A boon, for it provides natural irrigation to the fields; and a bane, as it causes the rivers to overflow their banks and cause floods. Autumns are dry, and warm. It gets cooler as the months progress. Winters extend from the month of October to February, and are cold and generally dry, with an average temperature of 16° C. It gets quite chilling in late December and early January, on account of snowfall in the upper reaches of Arunachal Pradesh. Springs are cool and pleasant, occurring in the months of late March and April. Of course, during these months, flash rains and thunderstorms are at times caused
by cyclonic winds, known in local parlance as Bordoichila.
to the 2001 Census, the Sonitpur District has a population of
16,77,874, with a density of 315 persons per sq. km. The people
here are not a homogeneous lot. Rather, they are a mosaic of ethnic groups,
an admixture of diverse types of people.
Majority of the people have Assamese language as their mother tongue; and the others also use it, as a lingua franca. Other languages spoken are Bodo, Nepali, Bengali and Hindi.
**Religion (1991 Census)
**Urban & Rural Characteristics (1991 Census)
Total Urban Population- 103.91 thousand
Rural Literates – 480.46 thousand
Urban Literates – 73.28 thousand
**Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Characteristics (1991 Census)
Total S.C Population – 81.00 thousand
Total S.T Population – 152.50 thousand
The major communities inhabiting the District are:
The majority people inhabiting the District are Assamese. They are among the original inhabitants of the place, and the typical culture of the place grew with them.
Religion : While a majority of them follow Hindu
religion, a significant portion of them are also Muslims. A few of them are
also adherents of Sikhism, Christianity, and Buddhism.
The Nepali community is fairly dominant in the central and southern part of the District, especially in the Biswanath Chariali and Gohpur sub-divisions.
Language~ They speak Nepali, a language of the Indo-Aryan family. Of course, they use Assamese as a lingua franca.
Religion~ While a majority of them follow Hindu
religion, a significant portion of them, especially the tribes, are
The Bengali community came from erstwhile undivided Bengal, as officials and clerks of the British administration and the Tea Industry; and stayed back. Later, on account of the partition of India, people coming as refugees added significantly to the community.
Language~ They speak Bengali, a language of the Indo-Aryan family. Of course, they use Assamese as a lingua franca.
Religion~ They follow the Hindu religion.
The Adivasi people were brought by the British from Chotanagpur area and Orissa to serve as labourers in the Tea Gardens. In course of time, they assimilated themseves in the greater Assamese society, while retaining their basic cultural traits. The Jhumur dance is their contribution to the culture of Assam.
Language~ They have adopted Assamese as their language, but have retained the language of their forefathers.
Religion~ They are Hindus and Christians.
The district has a considerable Muslim population. Majority of muslims have immigrated from erstwhile East Bengal (present Bangladesh). They fill up a large portion of riverine areas of the district.
Language~ Over the years they have adopted
The Mishing people live in a scattered manner in the northern part of the Naduar and Biswanath Circles, i.e. east of the Bhorali River; and form a significant portion of the population of Gohpur sub-division.
Language~ They generally speak the Mishing language, belonging to the Sino-Tibetan family. But a lot of them also speak the Assamese language as a lingua franca.
Religion~ A majority
of them follows the Hindu religion along with its variant forms. They have
their own distinct culture, but many of them have also adopted Assamese
The Bodo dominated areas include the northern part of Dhekiajuli, Chariduar, Naduar, Helem and Gohpur (Sadar) Circles.
generally speak the Bodo language, belonging to the Sino-Tibetan family. But
the Assamese language is the lingua franca for them.
Other major tribes of the District include the Rabhas, Mechs, Nyishis, Garos, Adis, Apatanis, Lamas etc. Their population is sparse, and mainly confined to the foothills of the Himalayas near Arunachal Pradesh.
Language~ They speak either their tribal language, or their variant of Assamese. Of course, they use Assamese as a lingua franca.
Religion~ The Rabhas and Mechs follow Hindu religion; Lamas and Nyishis are Buddhists; Garos are Christians; Adis and Apatanis either follow their traditional form of religion.