Freedom Fighters of Dhakuakhana Sub-Division

                                                                                                                                                                                         By: Dr. Jit Ram Kalita

            In the year 1921 under the leadership of Nabin Chandra Bordoloi Assam State Congress Committee was formed in Guwahati. At the time Chandra Sekhar Das of Dhakuakhana went to Guwahati to receive training in weaving and to learn Hindi language.

            Chandra Sekhar Das was born in the year 1892 at Konwar gaon, Dhakuakhana. His father Jiuram Baruah was a Mauzadar of Gohain Mouza. Jiuram was not interested in collecting revenue from the flood affected cultivators and hence he had to loose his Mouzadarship.

            Chandra Sekhar Das passed M.V. School in 1908 and went Dibrugarh to study in Govt. High School . But due to poverty he had to leave study after getting promoted to class viii. Hence he was admitted into Dibrugarh George Institute but for poverty he could not continue his study. He returned to Dhakuakhana and established a Middle English School at Dhakuakhana in 1915 and became the headmaster of that school. In 1916 he established an M.V. School in Tezpur Chariali and he himself acted as a Headmaster there.

            Chandra Sekhar Das returned to Dhemaji and under his guidance two M.V. schools were established. One in Dhemaji and the other in Choukham. After that he went to North Lakhimpur and was appointed as L.D.A. in North Lakhimpur court. After a few months he resigned from that post and went to Guwahati, he was acquainted with veteran congress leaders like Tarun Ram Phukan and Nabin Chandra Bordoloi and he joined congress. In the year 1921 under the leadership of Sorbeswar Boruah North Lakhimpur zila Congress was formed and Chandra Sekhar Das was elected as vice-president.  Keshab Chandra Gohain was the General Secretary.

            At the time of non co-operation movement in India , student leaders namely Tirtheswar  Hazarika,  Rohini Khargharia, Thanuram Tamuli Phukan , Gagan  Chandra Das, Keshab Chandra Gohain came to Dhakuakhana and non co-operation movement was accelerated in Dhakuakhana area .After the arrest of the above leaders Badan Chandra Boruah  , Upen Boruah  Mukheswar Muktiar , Tileswar Dutta, Dwarikanath Phukan , Jagyeswar Bhuayan , Rukmanath Gogoi , Ananda Dutta, Kaneswar Das, Dhanpur Hazarika,  Siva Chandra Devagoswami, Ghana Kanta Das , Indreswar Sut, Ghansyam Bharali, Boli Ram Hazarika, Kameswar Hazarika, Jogeswar Saikia, Dineswar Bharali, Bhogeswar Bharali , Phuleswar Chetia, Sumeswar Gohain, Ratibor Das , Boparam Hazarika, Phoni Hazarika,  Hira Nath Sarmah,  Kula Prasad Goswami etc. took part in the non co-operation movement and all of them were arrested and convicted .In 1921 when Ghananath Borgohain was serving in Sivasagar Govt. M.V. School, he took part in non co-operation movement , he was fined by education Director Cunninghum. Then he resigned from his post and returned to Dhakuakhana. After receiving the warrant from police he went underground. The police went to his house and all his essentials properties were looted. He had to surrender in 1922, got imprisoned for 9 months and was fined Rs. 60.  Leading the non co-operation movement in Dhakuakhana, Chandra Sekhar Das was declared absconder by the police. He was arrested in 1922 and imprisoned for three months and fined for fifty rupees.   When Dhanpur Hazarika of Ghilamora came to Dhakuakhana for party works, he was arrested by the police in the 26th January 1922 . Though Dhakuakhana was backward place so far as the communication is concerned, the people of Dhakuakhana were very conscious of politics.

            (In1921 Mahatma Gandhi came to visit Assam, Kula Prasad Goswami went to Lamding Train Station to meet Gandhiji. He accompanied Gandhiji uptoTezpur. Tileswar Dutta of (Jiamaria,Dhakuakhana )was an L.P.teacher at Dibrugarh. He met Gandhijiat Dibrugarh and joined in congress. After resigning his service he came to Dhakuakhana and took active part in the movement. He was arrested by police and imprisoned for three months. Chandra Sekhar Das and his wife Akon Bala Das went to Dibrugarh to meet Gandhiji and gave a memorandum for welfare of tea garden laboures .

            In 1921 All India congress issued an appeal to boycott schools and colleges. The appeal reacted the students of Dhakuakhana reading in High schools. Kula Prasad Goswami was reading in class iv in North Lakhimpur . He left school and joined in the non co-operation movement. Keshab Chandra Gohain was reading in class IV in North Lakhimpur High School . He also boycotted classes. DwarikaNath Phukan of Ghilamara was reading in Jorhat Normal school . He boycotted the school and joined in the movement. Sarat Kumar Das of Konwar gaon was reading in class x in North Lakhimpur High school and Badan Chandra Boruah of katharbari reading in North Lakhimpur High school left school and joined in the non co-operation movement.  The students after boycotting schools arranged several public meetings and appeal the mass people to join in the movement. They dedicated themselves for picketing , checking opium-eating and involved in distributing congress circulars. The asked the common people against casteism, boycotting foreign customs and encouraging the use of Swadeshi items.

            During the non co-operation movement like other places in Dhakuakhana also, a large number of school teachers resigned their services and became workers of the movement. They were: (1) Ananta Dutta serving in Sodiya  Govt. M.E. School , (2) Ghananath Borgohain  serving in Sivasagar Govt.M.V. School, Tileswar Dutta and Rukma Nath Gogoi. Volunteers were appointed to train up the common people. In various places Panchyats and Rayat Sabhas were formed to speedy up settlementsofgeneral cases and the people were boycotting the Govt. Court .

            On the 27th November of 1921, Prince Of Wells came to India . On that very day AICC observed Hartal. The Hartal was observed in Dhakuakhana also. All the volunteers went to the central market of Dhakuakhana and they called the people to boycott the foreign articles and several volunteers gathered in front of opium Shops for Picketing. The ‘Hokas’ and pipes of opium users were collected and deposited them under the trees in front of the villages. Spinning and weaving was made compulsory among the woman of the villages. The Rayat Sahabs directed people not to pay rent for land. For this case Jagyeswar Bhuyan of Machkhowa had to face a penalty of Rs. 80, but he did not paid.

            In the year 1920 under the President ship of Akon Bala Das Anchalic Women Committees were formed in Dhakuakhana, Ghilamara and Bordoloni. These committees provided with “Khadiclothesforcongress volunteers and they set up spinning   and weaving centers and they tried to convince the common people to get rid of drugs.  In 1930, Bali gaon and Kolakota Chetia Mondal Committee of congress were established.

            In the year 1926 a large number of congress activities under the leadership of Chandra Sekhar Das joined in the AICC General Session held at Pandu. The young volunteers took part in the 22days training held by Sewadaland they rendered hearty help to the session. In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi started the “Dandi Jatra” against salt law and consequently he was arrested. At that time under the leadership of Tarun Boruah, a student of Dhakuakhana started a student movement.

 

            Joy Nath Boruah, Bhudhar Gogoi and others started a strong movement against Cunninghum’scircular and most of the students boycotted attending classes for the constructive ideas of congress a large number of people of Dhakuakhana dedicated themselves for the welfare of the society. They were Saila Borah, Kunja Ram Das, Renu Cheta, Dasi Ram Chutia, Indra Borgohain , Bhuban Chutia, Joy Chandra Gogoi, Dambaru Chetia, Siva Chandra Goswami, rukma Nath Gogoi , Parama Nanda Borh. They wrew assisted by Govt. service holders like Ganaath Borgohain, Dimbeswar Das, Trooilukya Boruah, Kamala Tamuly etc.

            In 1938-40 under theleder ship of Bimala Prasad Chaliha , a state level leader  of congress organizational work in Dhakuakhana ,  Gohain Mouza and Mohkoma was largely completed . Betharam Pegu,. Bimala Kanta Doley and Ram Chandra Morangetc. Mishing leaders came forward to spread congress ideology among the tribal community under the guidance of BimalaPrasad Chaliha khadi and village institution were established in Madarguri, Kalabariand Baligaon of Dhakuakhana. In these institutions people of various sections were well trained. Under the supervision of Joy Chandra Gogoi, the khadi camps were conducted. Among the trainers (1) Malbhog Baruah , (2) KanakeswarGogoi , (3) Lekhan Gogoi (4) Joy Pur Dutta (5) Someswar Sut (6) Madha Gogoi  and (7)  KabindraGogoi (8) Dimbeswar Das , (9) Bimala Kanta Doley were worth mentioning. After the completion of training they set up Khadi centers in Jiamoria and Gharmara and manufactured Khadi clothes.

            In 1942 Quit India movement was intensified all over India . In Dhakuakhana also students boycotted classes and gharaod   Dhakuakhana Police station under the leadership of Tankeswar Gogoi of Bantowgaon . Students who boycott classes’ come out in a Procession and walked in roads with shouting Sloogans. Among the students were (1) Molok Dutta (2) Tankeswar Pachani (3) HridayanandaPhukan (4) Bali Gogoi (5) Lekhan Gogoi (6) Ananda  Baruah (7) Dibakar Morang (8) Bishnu Changmai (9) Dulal Chandra Baruah (10) Lila Kanta Das (11) Jayananda Borgohain (12) Siben Borgohain (13) Homen Borgohain (14)  Mina Kanta Chetia (15) Purna Kanta chamuah and (16) SatishChandra Gogoi were worth mentioning. People from other fields participated in the movement were Kashiram Dutta Bayan , Chakradhar Goswami , Troilukya Boruah , Kali Ram Dutta , Kamala Tamuly , Phuleswari Chetia , Hemaprabha Bharali, Sukha Prabha Gogoi , Robindra Gogoui , BiswaBoruah , Milan Chandra Gogoi and Muruli Dutta. Purna Kanta Bharali and Dambaru Chetiawere arrested as leader of the movement.

            In this movement one fraction of revolutionists had gone for some extremist activities.  They supported “AzadHind Force” led by Subhas Chandra Bose. In Dhakuakhana Suren Borah, Nitya Borah, Tankeswar Pachani , Jagat Chandra Dutta Borah, Kabindra Gogoi were the leaders of this section. Their Headquarter was Na-Panigaon near Gobindapur. In 15th August 1947 India won freedom.

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